Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors and gangliogliomas are developmental glioneuronal tumors usually revealed by partial epilepsy. High epileptogenicity, childhood epilepsy onset, drug-resistance, temporal location, and seizure freedom after complete resection are common characteristics of both tumors. We report the specificity of surgical management, functional results and seizure outcome in cases of a tumor location in eloquent areas.
Among 150 patients (88 males, 3–55 years) operated on for refractory epilepsy due to a glioneuronal tumor (1990–2015), 30 (20%, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors=21; gangliogliomas=9) had a tumor located in an eloquent cortex (sensory-motor, insular or language areas). Surgery was performed after a preoperative work-up, including stereo-electroencephalography in 48 patients (26%) and functional MRI in 100 (67%). MRI-guided lesionectomy was mainly performed in extra-temporal location, whereas an additional corticectomy was performed in a temporal location. Tumor microsurgical resections were guided using neuronavigation and cortical/subcortical electrical stimulations. Multiple stereotactic thermocoagulations were performed in two insular tumors.
New motor/language deficits related to eloquent areas occurred postoperatively in 6/30 patients (20%) without any major permanent disability. Minor sensorimotor (n=2) and moderate language disturbance (n=1) persisted in three of them. Postoperative seizure-free outcome (mean follow-up>5 years) was obtained in 81% of the entire series, but significantly decreased to 60% in eloquent areas. Incomplete tumor resection was the main cause of surgical failure. However, unfavorable seizure outcome was also observed despite complete tumor resection. Malignant transformation occurred in one ganglioglioma.
Epilepsy surgery for benign glioneuronal tumors in eloquent areas provides acceptable results regarding the functional risks. Complete tumor resection is crucial for long-term favorable outcome.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Epilepsy surgery, Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor, Ganglioglioma, Long-term epilepsy associated tumor, Surgery in eloquent areas, Seizure outcome
Vol 63 - N° 3P. 227-234 - juin 2017 Retour au numéro
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