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If the complete microsurgical resection of a brain tumor is a logical oncologic goal, the surgical strategy for the cystic component remains controversial secondary to the risk of morbidity. The objective of this study was to analyze the interest of using fibrin glue in the resection of malignant cystic brain tumors (MCBT).
Seven patients (median: 60-years-old (range [52–72]/sex ratio M/F: 2.5) were analyzed prospectively in the Neurosurgery Department at Strasbourg University Hospital, from October 2014 to November 2016. The surgical technique consisted of injecting fibrin glue into the tumor cyst after partial drainage. After the solidification of the glue, the cysts walls were removal by following the dissection plan around the fibrin glue. The primary objective was to evaluate the quality of surgical resection on brain MRI scans postoperatively with the use of ITK-SNAP software for precise measurements of tumor volume.
Four metastases and 3 glial lesions were operated on with this technique. An average reduction in cystic volume of 64.6% (P=0.016) and 82.1% (P=0.016) for contrast enhancement volume were observed. If two cases (#2 and #7) were excluded, the average contrast enhancement reduction was respectively 94% and 72% for the cystic volume. In addition, there were no complications, tumor recurrence or difference between gliomas and metastases and the Karnofsky score increased by at least 10% in all patients.
This procedure allowed to extend the resection to the cystic component of MCBT without increasing the risk of morbidity related to injury on the underlying parenchyma.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Malignant cystic brain tumors, Brain metastasis, Fibrin glue, Glioma
Abbreviations : MCB, RPA, CT scan, MRI, NN, GKS, SRS, iMRI, CSF