Purpose of the study
To determine the feasibility and interest of an early rehabilitation protocol with no initial immobilisation after proximal row carpectomy.
Material and methods
Thirteen patients were included in this retrospective study. Range of motion (ROM) and wrist strength (grip strength and grasp strength) were evaluated 3 and 6weeks after surgery on the both wrists (operated and non-operated). Postoperatively, patients had no immobilisation of the wrist, and began a rehabilitation program immediately after surgery in the department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation under multidisciplinary team supervision. The same surgical technique was used for all patients by the same surgeon.
Six weeks after PRC, there was a 25–51% deficit in passive ROM and 54–64% deficit in active ROM compared to the corresponding non-operated wrist. Six weeks after PRC, mean overall grip strength was nearly 55% and Jamar dynamometer grip strength was 51% of the contralateral side.
This study shows that immediate immobilisation following PRC is unnecessary, and that early rehabilitation is of the essence. Early rehabilitation could reduce the delay necessary to recover range of motion and strength, and probably the time to return to work.
Level of evidence
Level 4, prospective cohort study.
Keywords : Carpectomy, Early wrist mobilisation, Wrist strength, Range of motion