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To compare the treatment of patients with early psychosis, 2 years after the introduction of an integrated model of enhanced management within a public adult mental health service, with an historic cohort from the same service.
Variables examined in the 2001 cohort were compared with 2008 patients. Computer database review and a file audit were conducted for all patients with early psychosis across the first 2 years of the program.
Compared to the historic cohort, patients in the current cohort were 24% less likely to have been admitted (P=0.004). There were statistically significant reductions in involuntary status and use of a locked unit. Rates of police involvement in admission and use of seclusion were also reduced, though this trend was not significant. Average length of stay was reduced. Median duration of untreated psychosis was 3 months in both 2001 and 2008 cohorts.
The introduction of an integrated model of management within an area mental health service for patients with early psychosis contributed to significant reductions in admissions, involuntary status and use of a locked ward. The data suggests that enhanced treatment of early psychosis patients can be offered within generic services.
Keywords : Early intervention, First episode, Psychosis, Outcome