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Multifocal motor neuropathy

Doi : 10.1016/j.lpm.2013.01.057 

Raquel Guimarães-Costa, Francesco Bombelli, Jean-Marc Léger 

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Summary

Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a chronic immune-mediated neuropathy that is particular for its asymmetric, multifocal, purely motor clinical presentation, often related to the distribution of individual nerves. Upper limbs are usually primarily and more severely affected, but lower limbs may be involved during the course of the disease. The hallmark of the disease is the presence, in electrophysiological studies, of persistent conduction blocks in the affected motor nerves, located outside the usual sites of nerve compression, contrasting with normal sensory nerve conduction velocities. The most typical laboratory finding is the presence of high levels of serum IgM antibodies to the ganglioside GM1, and less frequently to asialo-GM1, GD1a or GM2. These striking features may help distinguishing this neuropathy from both motor neuron disease and other chronic immune-mediated neuropathies. Several randomized controlled trials (RCT) have established the efficacy of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), as well as subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIg). However, this therapy has a short-lasting effect, and need to be maintained with periodic infusions. This disappointing status has led to the search of other immune therapies whose efficacy has not been so far confirmed in RCT. This review intends to summarize current contents in the diagnosis and the treatment of MMN.

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© 2013  Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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Vol 42 - N° 6P2

P. e217-e224 - juin 2013 Retour au numéro
Article précédent Article précédent
  • Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
  • Peter Y.K. Van den Bergh, Yusuf A. Rajabally
| Article suivant Article suivant
  • Paraproteinemic neuropathies
  • Ricard Rojas-García, Eduard Gallardo, Isabel Illa

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