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Annales médico-psychologiques
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le jeudi 20 juillet 2017
Doi : 10.1016/j.amp.2016.08.016
Received : 13 June 2016 ;  accepted : 2 August 2016
L’évaluation des facteurs de protection à l’aide de la SAPROF
Assessment of protective factors using SAPROF
 

Jean-Pierre Guay a, , Michiel de Vries Robbé b
a École de criminologie, centre international de criminologie comparée et Institut Philippe-Pinel de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville, H3C 3J7 Montréal, QC, Canada 
b Clinique Van-der-Hoeven, 3515 GA Utrecht, Pays-Bas 

Auteur correspondant.
Résumé

Les méthodes d’évaluation du risque et des besoins des personnes contrevenantes ont grandement évolué au cours des 40 dernières années. Elles sont passées d’une évaluation impressionniste basée sur l’expérience clinique à une procédure systématique basée sur la recherche scientifique. Ce n’est toutefois que très récemment que les professionnels ont été en mesure d’avoir accès à un instrument spécifiquement conçu pour évaluer les facteurs de protection contre la récidive et la récidive violente. La Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk (SAPROF) est un outil utilisant le jugement professionnel structuré afin de documenter les éléments protecteurs chez les auteurs d’infractions. Elle comporte 17 domaines protecteurs répartis en trois grandes catégories de facteurs : les facteurs internes, les facteurs liés à la motivation et les facteurs externes. La SAPROF jouit d’un engouement important tant dans les milieux cliniques que chez les chercheurs et constitue un ajout utile au processus clinique d’évaluations des personnes.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Abstract

Risk assessment has greatly changed over the last 40 years. It has moved from a strictly clinical procedure based on clinical judgement, to a structured approach based on scientific literature. While the main goal of first generation structured methods was to estimate the probability of recidivism, we are increasingly interested in knowing more about the reasons that push delinquents to commit new crimes in order to properly intervene and treat the causes at hand. The last generations of instruments now aim to estimate intervention needs and guide rehabilitation practices. Although practitioners largely resort to protective factors to establish avenues to work on, no tool was available until recently to systematically evaluate protective factors. The present article proposes a description of the different measurement and conceptualization issues surrounding protective factors, in addition to addressing the nature of the effect of these factors on recidivism. This paper describes The Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk (SAPROF), a structural professional judgement tool that focus solely on protective factors for violence risk. The SAPROF investigates internal, motivation and external protective factors and has incremental validity over risk assessment instruments. The paper also discusses validation results of the SAPROF, as well as its limitations. The paper finally addresses the crucial question of interfacing risk and protective factors when it comes to estimating the risk for recidivism.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Mots clés : Délinquant, Échelle d’évaluation, Évaluation, Facteur de protection, Récidive légale, Risque, SAPROF

Keywords : Delinquent, Evaluation, Evaluation scale, Protective factor, Recidivism, Risk, SAPROF




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