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Feuillets de Radiologie
Vol 45, N° 2  - avril 2005
pp. 126-132
Doi : FR-04-2005-45-2-0181-9801-101019-200501772
Diagnostic non invasif de l’endométriose pelvienne

J. NASSAR [1], E. DARAI [2], I. THOMASSIN [1], A. CORTEZ [2], C. MARSAULT [3], M. BAZOT [1]
[1] Services de Radiologie,
[2] Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique,
[3] Service d’Anatomo-Pathologie, Hôpital Tenon, UFR Saint-Antoine Paris VI, Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris VI, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris.

Tirés à part : M. Bazot, à l’adresse ci-dessus.


L’endométriose pelvienne est une pathologie relativement fréquente, touchant les ovaires, le péritoine superficiel et les organes pelviens profonds, dont le diagnostic clinique est difficile. L’imagerie joue un rôle important dans le diagnostic positif et l’évaluation de l’extension lésionnelle. Nous proposons dans cet article une revue des critères diagnostiques de l’endométriose pelvienne en échographie endovaginale, en écho-endoscopie rectale et en IRM, ainsi que de leur performance diagnostique.

Imaging of pelvic endometriosis.

Pelvic endometriosis is a relatively frequent pathology involving the ovaries, superficial peritoneum and deep pelvic organs which clinical diagnosis is difficult. Imaging techniques play an important role in the positive diagnosis and the evaluation of disease extension. We propose in this paper to review the diagnostic criteria used for transvaginal sonography, rectal endoscopic ultrasound and in MRI and their diagnosis performance.

Mots clés : Endométriose , Échographie endovaginale , Écho-endoscopie rectale , IRM pelvienne

Keywords: Endometriosis , Transvaginal sonography , Rectal endoscopic sonography , MR imaging

© 2005 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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