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Vol 55, N° 747  - juillet-août 2010
pp. 16-20
Doi : SOINS-07-08-2010-55-747-0038-0814-101019-201003231
mise au point
Culture et soins infirmiers, de l’approche biomédicale au regard anthropologique

Nicolas Vonarx
[1] Professeur, faculté des sciences infirmières, Université Laval, Québec, Canada


La formation et la pratique infirmières ont longtemps été imprégnées d’une approche biomédicale de la maladie et du corps, insuffisante pour garantir une prise en charge respectueuse des différences de chacun. Avec les théories et les pratiques transculturelles de soins, en partie inspirées de l’anthropologie, les patients sont explicitement considérés comme des sujets dont les expériences relèvent de dimensions culturelles, ethniques et sociales.

Culture and nursing care, from a biomedical to an anthropological approach

Nursing training and practice have for a long time taken a biomedical approach to disease and the body, which fails to guarantee treatment which takes into account the differences of each patient. With transcultural healthcare theories and practices, partly inspired by anthropology, patients are explicitly considered as subjects whose experiences are a result of cultural, ethnic and social dimensions.

Mots clés : Anthropologie , Approche biomédicale , Approche transculturelle , Éthnocentrisme , Rôle propre , Soin infirmier

Keywords: Anthropology , Biomedical approach , Ethnocentrism , Nursing care , Professional responsibility , Transcultural approach

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