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Revue de micropaléontologie
Volume 54, n° 3
pages 141-174 (juillet 2011)
Doi : 10.1016/j.revmic.2011.02.002
Late Pennsylvanian to Middle Permian revised algal and foraminiferan biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of the Lycian Nappes (SW Turkey): Palaeogeographic implications
Biostratigraphie et paléobiogéographie des algues et des foraminifères des Nappes Lyciennes (sud-ouest de la Turquie), du Pennsylvanien supérieur au Permien moyen : implications paléogéographiques
 

Daniel Vachard a, Patrice Moix b,
a FRE 3298 du CNRS, université de Lille 1, bâtiment SN5, 59655 Villeneuve-d’Ascq cedex, France 
b Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Anthropole building, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland 

Corresponding author. Bureau technique Norbert, 6, rue Enning, 1003 Lausanne, Switzerland.
Abstract

Shallow-marine limestones associated to a Palaeotethyan seamount in the Teke Dere unit of the Tavas Nappe (Lycian Nappes, SW Turkey) are essentially latest Moscovian-Kasimovian in age. The wide range of microfauna and -flora of the series show biogeographic affinities comparable to those from the northern Palaeotethyan borders (especially to assemblages from the Carnic Alps, Urals, Donbass and Darvaz). These biogeographic affinities seem to persist until the end of the Early Permian (Artinskian). The Middle Permian fauna is represented by the typical warm, tropical assemblages known at the same time in the Palaeotethys (NW Caucasus, Darvaz, south China, Primorie and Japan), and in the Neotethys (Transcaucasia, central Iran, southern Afghanistan and Sibumasu). The new Kasimovian algae and incertae sedis Novantiellopsis elliottii n. gen. n. sp., Uvanellopsis fluegelii n. gen. n. sp., Tubiphytes rauzerae n. sp. and Asselodiscus davydovi n. sp. are described.

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Résumé

Des calcaires associés à un seamount paléotéthysien, situés dans la Nappe de Tavas des Nappes Lyciennes (sud-ouest de la Turquie), fournissent essentiellement des âges moscoviens terminaux et kassimoviens. Les microfaunes et microflores sont riches en algues calcaires et en foraminifères. Leurs affinités paléobiogéographiques les corrèlent typiquement avec les bordures nord paléotéthysiennes, car elles ressemblent aux associations des Alpes Carniques et en partie à celles de l’Oural, du Donbass ou du Darvaz. Les affinités biogéographiques semblent rester identiques jusqu’à la fin du Permien inférieur (Artinskien). Le Permien moyen montre typiquement les populations chaudes, tropicales, connues partout dans la Paléotéthys à cette époque (Nord-ouest du Caucase, Darvaz, Chine du Sud, Primorié et Japon), ainsi que dans la Néotéthys (Transcaucasie, Iran central, sud de l’Afghanistan et Sibumasu). Les nouvelles espèces d’algues et d’incertae sedis kassimoviens sont : Novantiellopsis elliottii n. gen. n. sp., Uvanellopsis fluegelii n. gen. n. sp., Tubiphytes rauzerae n. sp. et Asselodiscus davydovi n. sp.

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Keywords : Biostratigraphy, Algae, Foraminifers, Pennsylvanian, Permian, Lycian Nappes, Turkey

Mots clés : Biostratigraphie, Algues, Foraminifères, Pennsylvanien, Permien, Nappes Lyciennes, Turquie




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