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Journal of Neuroradiology Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le mardi 29 mai 2012
Doi : 10.1016/j.neurad.2012.03.007
Two cases of spontaneous temporal encephalocele
Kouhei Kamiya a, ⁎, Harushi Mori b, Akira Kunimatsu b, Kensuke Kawai c, Kenichi Usami c, Kuni Ohtomo b
a Department of Radiology, National Center Hospital of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
b Department of Radiology, University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
c Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
This is a report of two cases of spontaneous temporal encephalocele: one was anteroinferior and presented with epilepsy; the other was posteroinferior and presented with facial neuritis and labyrinthitis. Spontaneous temporal encephalocele is relatively rare and apparently not familiar to a majority of primary physicians. It may present with a variety of symptoms according to its anatomical location, including cerebrospinal fluid fistulas, recurrent meningitis, chronic otitis media, hearing loss, facial nerve palsy and medically intractable epilepsy. Attention should be paid to this disease entity, as it is easily overlooked in imaging studies and can leave serious neurological deficits.
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