Discoid lateral meniscus lesions are relatively rare. The objective of this study was to determine the long-term results of 14 cases of discoid lateral meniscus tears treated by arthroscopic meniscoplasty between July 1991 and May 2009, and to assess the development of osteoarthritis in the lateral compartment.
The series consisted of 10 patients (14 knees): 3 girls under the age of 15, 3 men and 4 women aged from 16 to 47 years (mean age: 31.4±11.1 years). The main reason for consultation was pain in 10 cases, locking in 2 cases and pain associated with locking in 2 cases. The diagnosis was confirmed preoperatively by MRI in 10 cases, CT-arthrography in 1 case and arthrography in 3 cases. The indication for surgery was made because of a symptomatic discoid lateral meniscus. All cases were treated by arthroscopic meniscal reshaping. Functional results were evaluated using the Lysholm–Tegner, IKDC, KOOS and satisfaction scores. Radiological results were evaluated based on the modified Alhbäck classification for osteoarthritic (OA) changes.
No complications were found. Two patients were lost to follow-up. The remaining eight patients (12 knees) were reviewed at a mean of 157.5±72.1 months (61–276). The mean Lysholm–Tegner score was 88.9±10.6 points (67–100), the mean KOOS was 92.4±9.5 (65–100) and the mean IKDC score was 85.4±16.5 points (65–100). All eight of the reviewed patients were satisfied or very satisfied with the result. Radiological analysis found that five knees had no signs of OA, five knees had stage 1, one had stage 2 and one had stage 3. At last follow-up, no patient had been reoperated.
Meniscoplasty of discoid lateral meniscus tears leads to excellent long-term functional results despite signs of osteoarthritic changes in the lateral compartment of the knee.
Level of evidence
IV (retrospective study).Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Lateral meniscus, Discoid meniscus, Meniscal reshaping, Meniscoplasty, Partial meniscectomy