In secondary prevention (SP) of coronary artery disease (CAD), in particular after an acute myocardial infarction (MI), a better knowledge and self-management by the patient may have various supports. The Log book (LB) for CAD patients in Côte d’Or, was created in 2010 by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals of Côte d’Or, from a regional care network. This pilot study evaluated LB as novel support for SP after acute MI.
A prospective study on 183 patients hospitalised for an acute MI in the region of Côte d’Or from 1st May to 30th October 2010. Patients were randomized in 91 patients who received an LB at the time of their hospitalisation (LB+ group), and 92 patients who were not given an LB (LB– group). The follow up (FU) was performed at 4 months and 1 year.
Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 groups, except for smoking, which was more frequent in the LB-group than in the LB+ group. At FU, LB was usually well accepted by both patients and their general practitioners (GP). At 4 months FU, the patients LB+ were more prone to see their general practitioners than patients LB– (100% vs 85% in the LB– group, P=0.007). Moreover, in LB+ group, there was a trend towards a more frequent physical activity, including exercise bike (P=0.009) and an increase in HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) (P=0.165). At 1 year FU, body mass index from LB+ was more reduced than in patients LB– (P=0.029). Finally, there was a trend towards lower morbi-mortality (hospitalisation for cardiovascular cause or death) in the LB+ group than in the LB– group (11 vs 22%, P=0.083).
This pilot study showed the feasibility of LB as a support for SP and its interest in post MI management in a local care network setting. In addition, our study provides encouraging data on the potential benefits of this pioneer tool for SP.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.