Freiberg's disease is osteonecrosis of the dorsal side of a metatarsal head. The gold-standard surgical treatment is the osteotomy procedure first described by Gauthier.
Gauthier osteotomy for Freiberg's disease will restore the joint space and lead to long-term clinical improvement. A retrospective study was carried out to verify this hypothesis.
Material and methods
This study involved 30 consecutive cases treated by a single surgeon in 28 patients having a mean age of 61.2 years. These patients underwent the Gauthier osteotomy procedure with one or two dorsal staples used for fixation. Patients were reviewed 15 days, 45 days and 3 months after the procedure, and then at the last follow-up to look for any complications and determine patient satisfaction, the AOFAS score, metatarsophalangeal range of motion (ROM), sphericity of the metatarsal head, bone union and metatarsal shortening.
The average follow-up was 6.5 years±2.2. The second metatarsal was affected in 27 cases and the third metatarsal in 3 cases. Discomfort related to the staples was noted in five cases; the staples were removed in three of them. There was one case of severe stiffening (< 20° ROM). At the last follow-up, 17 cases were very satisfied, 11 were satisfied and 2 were moderately satisfied. The average AOFAS score was 83.8 points±11.8 at the last follow-up. A mean loss of 15° plantar flexion and 10° dorsiflexion was noted. Bone union and metatarsal head sphericity were achieved in all cases. The average shortening was 2mm±1.4.
The Gauthier osteotomy procedure results in recovery of the metatarsal head's sphericity in every case of this series, with good clinical results and low morbidity.
Level of evidence
IV, retrospective series.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Freiberg, Gauthier, Metatarsal osteotomy, Metatarsalgia