The induced membrane technique is now quite adaptable to segmental bone reconstruction in children. This technique is much the same as the technique used in adults. A cement spacer is interposed, and in a second operating phase, occurring 6 weeks after the interposition of the spacer, the cement is removed and a morselized corticocancellous graft is installed in the induced membrane that had formed around the cement. Graft expansion using allograft chips should not exceed 30% of the total volume. An additional autograft strut is useful in the reconstruction of long femoral or metaphyseal–diaphyseal tibial defects. Despite the apparent simplicity of this technique, it requires rigorous technique during cement sleeving and to stabilize the defect to prevent nonunion, stabilization device loosening, or resorption of the graft, the main complications. This technique is now becoming the gold standard for bone reconstruction in trauma and septic bone surgery. In pediatrics, the Masquelet technique is now mainly used in the context of cancer surgery reconstructions. Constraints related to chemotherapy have led to deferral of the graft, which is therefore empirically performed 8 weeks after the last course of chemotherapy. Congenital anomalies, including congenital pseudarthrosis, may now be treated using this technique, replacing long and difficult conventional treatment. A longer follow-up would be necessary to assess and confirm the superiority of this pediatric reconstruction technique.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Induced membrane, Bone reconstruction, Children, Tumor, Congenital pseudarthrosis