Background and objective
Correlations between overall survival (OS) and other endpoints have been evaluated in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who received first-line chemotherapy. However, no corresponding analysis has been accomplished for patients who have undergone second- or third-line chemotherapy.
We evaluated the potential of progression-free survival (PFS)/time to progression (TTP) and objective response rate (ORR) as surrogates of OS when OS data were not available. Correlations were evaluated by Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (rs) and weighted linear regression model. Subgroup analyses were performed for previous chemotherapy, regimen, study endpoint, study period and HER2 status.
Twenty-four randomized trials involving 8617 patients were included for analysis. The correlation between PFS/TTP and OS was 0.7824 (95% CI: 0.6034–0.8702), whereas ORR did not strongly correlate with OS (rs=0.5398, 95%CI: 0.2942–0.7233). Further, the association between hazard ratios (HRs) of PFS/TTP and OS of the 22 randomized studies showed a moderate correlation (rs=0.5725, 95%CI: 0.1735–0.8277); the slope of the regression model (β) was 0.5366 (95%CI: 0.3479–0.7253). In particular, the PFS/OS correlation for HER2-positive MBC patients was stronger (rs=0.9515, 95%CI: 0.7009–1.0000; β=0.8728, 95%CI: 0.0795–1.6661).
These results suggest that PFS/TTP is a useful early endpoint for patients with MBC who have undergone second- or third-line chemotherapy, especially for those who are HER2-positive.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Breast cancer, Subsequent chemotherapy, Progression-free survival, Time to progression, Objective response rate
Mots clés : Cancer du sein, Chimiothérapie, Survie globale, Survie sans progression, Taux de réponse