There is currently a wide range of suture knots used in rotator cuff repair. The purpose of this study was to compare a new type of self-locking sliding knot called the Nice knot to the self-locking and sliding Nicky's knot.
Nice knots and Nicky's knots were tied and subjected to mechanical testing including a pure traction stress and a series of dynamic stresses. Both knots were tied using standard braided suture and reinforced braided suture. The responses to these stresses were measured in the amount of elongation of the knot, maximum effort needed for failure, stiffness of construct and dynamic stiffness.
With both knots the standard suture had a lower amount of elongation during the dynamic tests than the reinforced braided suture. The reinforced braided suture showed superior results during maximal effort in the pure traction tests. An increased failure rate occurred due to elongation when a dynamic stress was applied to the reinforced suture in both knot types. During dynamic testing the Nice knot showed a decrease in the amount of elongation (P<0.001).
The Nice knot provides a sliding locking knot option which can decrease the risk of elongation during dynamic stress.
Level of evidence
Basic Science Study, Biomechanical Study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Shoulder surgery, Rotator cuff repair, Nice knot, Nicky's knot, Suture, Ethibond®, Ultrabraid, Mechanical testing, Biomechanical study, Arthroscopy