Aortic coarctation is a local narrowing of the aortic lumen, which is located at the level of the isthmus in 95% of patients. Aortic coarctation accounts for 5 to 8% of all congenital heart diseases. It may have an acute presentation in the form of heart failure in the neonate or may be discovered incidentally in adult because of severe treatment-resistant hypertension. Ultrasound may reveal the presence of aortic coarctation during the antenatal period. In this situation, associated abnormalities should be investigated (including karyotype), because they influence prognosis and indicates whether or not the birth should occur in a center with pediatric cardiology expertise. Postnatally, ultrasound and chest radiography are the basic imaging work-up. Computed tomography is often the second line imaging investigation in infants and young children for whom magnetic resonance imaging fails to confirm the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging with cardiac synchronization is the preferred imaging tool in the post-treatment period. Aortic coarctation may be treated surgically or by endovascular techniques. Potential complications should be searched for using ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Coarctation, Aorta, Ultrasound, CT, MRI