Patellar instability is a frequent cause of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) failure. In cases of post-arthroplasty patellar instability, the medial structures may be damaged. The objective of this study was to study the effectiveness of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. We hypothesized that MPFL reconstruction will effectively realign the patella, making it a viable treatment option for managing post-arthroplasty patellar instability.
Material and methods
In this retrospective study of six patients treated by four different surgeons, patients were included if they had a recurring or permanent patellar dislocation after undergoing TKA. Patients were excluded if the patellar instability was painful but did not result in dislocation. Each patient underwent MPFL reconstruction using the gracilis; additional procedures could be performed depending on the diagnosis. One patient required TKA revision because of an abnormally rotated femoral implant. The main outcome measure was the non-recurrence of the dislocation. The IKDC and Kujala functional scores, joint range of motion and patellar tilt on X-rays were analyzed preoperatively and at the last follow-up.
At a mean follow-up of 23 months (6–46), none of the patients experienced a recurrence of the patellar dislocation. Only one patient had no improvements in the functional outcome scores. The patellar tilt was reduced in all patients.
MPFL reconstruction—in isolation or with femoral component revision—is effective at treating post-arthroplasty patellar instability. It has its place in the treatment of patellar dislocation following TKA and its indications must be based on exact analysis of the reasons for the instability.
Level of evidence
IV – Retrospective cohort study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Total knee arthroplasty, Patellar instability, Patellar dislocation, Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction