Several studies have highlighted the importance of critical incident (CI) reporting in order to enhance patient safety. We have implemented an anonymous procedure for CI reporting in our department of paediatric anaesthesia. This study aims at analysing those CIs so as to improve patient care and risk management.
Material and methods
CIs were reported by the anaesthetic team using the World Health Organization classification and analysed using the ORION methodology. CIs were classified according to type, surgery and complications. Risk factors and consequences for patients and for the institution were analysed. Risk factors with high degree of harm for the patient were identified using a univariate analysis and odds ratios (OR).
Over an 18-month period, 114 CIs were reported for 103 patients (median age: 7.0 years [95% CI: 3.6–9.8]). We found that 29.9% of reported CIs had consequences for the patients and 76.3% were considered preventable. The two main types of CI were “respiratory” (28.8%) and “drug-related” (22.8%) incidents. The main risk factor was ‘human error’ (42.3%). Several consequences for the patient and the hospital were identified. An ASA score≥3 (OR: 2.52; [95% CI: 1.10–5.78]) was an independent risk factor for a high degree of patient harm.
Improving quality of care must be a priority for paediatric anaesthesiologists as most of the CIs observed are preventable and have consequences for the patient and the institution.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Critical incidents, Paediatric, ORION methodology, WHO classification, Risk management, Quality improvement
Abbreviations : CI, N/A, WHO, OR
Vol 36 - N° 2P. 103-107 - avril 2017 Retour au numéro
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