Glenoid component positioning in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is challenging. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) has been advocated to improve accuracy, and is based on precise preoperative planning. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of glenoid component positioning when only the glenoid surface is visible, compared to when the entire scapula is visible on a 3D virtual model.
CT scans of 30 arthritic shoulders were reconstructed in 3D models. Two surgeons then virtually placed a glenosphere component in the model while visualizing only the glenoid surface, in order to simulate typical intraoperative exposure (“blind 3D” surgery). One surgeon then placed the component in an ideal position while visualizing the entire scapula (“visible 3D” surgery). These two positions were then compared, and the accuracy of glenoid component positioning was assessed in terms of correction of native glenoid version and tilt, and avoidance of glenoid vault perforation.
Mean version and tilt after “blind 3D” surgery were +1.4° (SD 8.8°) and +7.6° (SD 6°), respectively; glenoid vault perforation occurred in 17 specimens. Mean version and tilt after “visible 3D” surgery were +0.3° (SD 0.8°) and +0.1° (SD 0.5°), respectively, with glenoid vault perforation in 6 cases. “Visible 3D” surgery provided significantly better accuracy than “blind 3D” surgery (P<0.05).
When the entire scapula is used as reference, accuracy is improved and glenoid vault perforation is less frequent. This type of visualization is only possible with pre-operative 3D CT planning, and may be augmented by PSI.
Level of evidence
Basic science study. Level III.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Reverse shoulder arthroplasty, Glenoid component positioning, Accuracy, CT-assisted surgery, Preoperative planning, Patient-specific instrumentation