Oncological margins and prognosis are the most important factors for operative planning of soft tissue sarcomas, but prediction of postoperative function is also necessary. The purpose of this study was to predict the knee flexion strength and postoperative function after knee flexor muscle resection for soft tissue sarcoma of the lower limbs.
Materials and methods
Seventeen patients underwent knee flexor muscle resection for soft tissue sarcoma of the lower limbs between 1991 and 2015. The type of resected muscles was surveyed, knee flexion strength (ratio of affected to unaffected side) was evaluated using the Biodex System isokinetic dynamometer, and differences between the type of resected muscles were examined. The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score, Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS), European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), and Short Form 8 (SF-8) were used to assess postoperative function and examine correlations with flexion strength. The cutoff value for flexion strength to predict good postoperative results was calculated by a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Fisher's exact test.
Median flexion strength decreased in the resection of sartorius (97.8%), gracilis (95.4%), gastrocnemius (85.2%; interquartile range (IQR): 85.0–86.2), medial hamstrings (semimembranosus and semitendinosus, 76.2%; IQR: 73.3–78.0), lateral hamstrings (long and short head of biceps femoris, 66.1%; IQR: 65.9–70.4), and bilateral hamstrings (27.3%; IQR: 26.6–31.5). A significant difference was observed between lateral and bilateral hamstrings resection (P=0.049). Flexion strength was associated with lower functional scales (MSTS score, P=0.021; TESS, P=0.008; EQ-5D, P=0.034). Satisfactory function was obtained at a flexion strength cutoff value of 65.7%, and strength remained above the cutoff value up to unilateral hamstrings resection.
Greater knee flexor muscles resection can result in functional deficits that are associated with decreased flexion strength. If continuity of unilateral hamstrings is maintained, good postoperative results can be expected.
Level of evidence
IV, retrospective study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Soft tissue sarcoma, Hamstrings resection, Knee flexion strength, Functional deficit, Postoperative function, Prediction