Proper reduction and stable fixation of articular fractures is essential for an early recovery and to avoid late complications. Arthroscopically assisted techniques for minimally invasive fixation have been introduced to reduce local morbidity and improve anatomic reduction of the fragments. However up to date no clear indications for surgery have been given. In addition, the precise rates of functional outcomes and complications are controversial. The hypothesis was the systematic analysis of the available literature would provide precise indications, outcomes and complications of arthroscopically assisted techniques for patellar fracture fixation. A comprehensive literature review was performed using the keywords “patellar fracture”, “arthroscopy” with no limit regarding the year of publication. All the selected articles were in English language and were evaluated with the Coleman score by three independent surgeons. The interclass correlation coefficient between the three examiners was calculated. Six full text articles were retrieved. The initial cohort included 60 patients with a displaced transverse fracture in the majority of the cases. At an average FU of 27.2 months the Lysholm score was 91.3. The rate of complication was 7%; Average Coleman score for the three observers was 55.8±6.5 with an ICC of 0.89, indicating adequate inter-rater agreement. Arthroscopically assisted techniques for minimally invasive fixation of patellar fractures represent a reliable option. The positive clinical outcomes and low rates of complications must be confirmed with further studies including larger series and longer FU.
Level of evidence
Level IV, systematic review of retrospective series.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Arthroscopy, Patellar fractures, Minimally invasive approach