Following resection of large benign bone tumors surgeons are confronted with bone defects severely affecting the stability of a limb. To restore the mechanical continuity of the bone different treatment methods using bone grafts have been described. In pediatric patients the thick periosteal sleeve is thought to contribute to bone formation.
An intact periosteal sleeve is crucial in bone remodelling around a non-vascularised fibular graft used to bridge large bone defects.
We present a treatment technique applied in 6 cases comprising of subperiosteal tumor resection at the diaphyseal or metaphyseal level of long bones followed by defect bridging with a non-vascularised fibula graft inserted into the periosteal sleeve of the resection zone. Elastic intramedullary nails or plates were used for stabilisation.
Due to the intact periosteum at the resection site bone integration occurred quickly and full remodelling was seen in all but one case. Tumor location in this case was at the metaphyseal level resulting in tumor resection at the growth plate. Although bone healing at the distal resection site was seen after a few weeks proximal consolidation was only partial. Full reconstitution of the fibula in the remaining periosteal sleeve was seen in 5 cases, partial reconstitution in 1 case.
In the pediatric patient, the described technique is an effective and reliable treatment method for large benign bone tumors requiring resection. However, great diameter discrepancy of the donor and recipient site and a thin periosteum can be a limiting factor for its application.
Level of evidence
Level IV clinical study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Non-vascularized fibula graft, Long bone defects, Aneurismal bone cysts, Fibrous dysplasia, Bone grafting, Periosteal sleeve