Relationship between hip pathoanatomy and symptomatic FAI has been reported to be weak. This is explained by the reciprocal interaction between proximal femur and acetabular anatomies, but potentially also by the individual spine-hip relations (SHR). The key-answer for a complete understanding of the pathophysiology of FAI might lie in the comprehension of the SHRs, which have not yet been fully addressed. Therefore we conducted a systematic review to answer the subsequent questions: Is there any evidence of a relationship between FAI and (1) sagittal pelvic kinematics, (2) pelvic incidence, and (3) types of SHRs? A systematic review of the existing literature utilizing PubMed and Google search engines was performed in December 2016. Only studies published in peer-reviewed journals over the last ten years in either English or French were reviewed. We identified 90 reports, of which 9 met our eligibility criteria. Review of literature shows Caucasian FAI patients have a pelvis with higher anterior tilt, lesser sagittal mobility, and lower pelvic incidence compared to healthy patients. We found no study having assessed the relationship between SHR and FAI. In order to help further investigations at answering questions 3 and 4, we have developed a classification for SHRs. The classification according spino-pelvic parameters allows identifying patient at risk regarding FAI occurrence. Higher anterior pelvic tilt in standing, sitting and squatting positions and lower pelvic incidence have been found to correlate with symptomatic FAI. Because defining the individual SHR might increase the understanding of the pathophysiology of hip impingement, we have developed a classification for SHRs.
Level of evidence
Level IV, systematic review of Level III and IV studies.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Spine-hip relation, Spine-hip syndrome, Pelvic kinematics, Femoro-acetabular impingement, Pelvic incidence, Classification