To assess the rate of anomalies in the etiological evaluation of patients presenting recurrent early miscarriages (RM) according to miscarriage chronology (number of miscarriages, history of live birth and succession of RM).
Retrospective single centre study including RM, defined as at least 2 miscarriages at less than 14 weeks of gestation (WG) between the 1st January 2012 and the 31st December 2015. Clinical data and etiological evaluation include blood glucose levels, screening for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), endocrine assessment, vitamin levels, pelvic imaging, karyotyping of both partners, chronic endometritis and thrombophilia screening.
Two hundred and eighty-eight patients were included over this period, 118 (41%) patients had no history of live birth. Two hundred and twenty-three (77%) patients had consecutive RM and 65 (22%) patients had non-consecutive RM. For consecutive RM, 62,8% had thrombophilic disorders versus 69,8% for non-consecutive RM (P>0,05); 44,7% had endocrine disorders or vitamin deficiencies versus 39,7%; 34,6% of patients with consecutive RM had uterine anomalies versus 45,5% respectively. No difference was found depending on the recurrence of RM or the history of live birth (P>0.05) apart from the age of the patient. Fifty-nine (17.4%) patients had uterine anomalies. There are 24 chronic endometritis on 31 biospsies performed. Seventy-eight (27%) patients were offered treatment. Ninety-four (90%) patients showed good therapy compliance. Eighty-one (78%) patients became pregnant.
An etiological evaluation provides, for over half of the cases, an etiology or the identification of risk factors responsible for RM, as well as in some cases offering an adapted, efficient, therapeutic approach. This evaluation should be offered regardless of the obstetric history of the patient.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Recurrent miscarriage, Therapeutic, Obstetrical prognosis, Pregnancy rate, Live birth rate
Vol 46 - N° 10P. 721-725 - décembre 2017 Retour au numéro
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