Neurogenic heterotopic ossification of the hip is secondary to neurologic lesions such as cranial trauma, stroke, medullary injury or cerebral anoxia. We shall not deal here with the other etiologies of heterotopic ossification. There are numerous locations within the hip, depending on etiology and relations with adjacent neurovascular structures are sometimes close. Preoperative work-up should include contrast-enhanced CT; scintigraphy is non-contributive. Indications for surgery are decided in a multidisciplinary team meeting, with a contract laying out expected functional gain. It is this contract that determines the extent of resection, without seeking complete resection, which would incur an increased risk of complications. The surgical approach and resection strategy depend on lesion location and any resulting neurovascular compression. The most common complications are infection and postoperative hematoma. No adjuvant treatments have demonstrated efficacy against recurrence.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Neurogenic heterotopic ossification, Osteoma, Hip, Surgery