The aim of the present study was to investigate the epidemiological and fungal environmental profile in asthmatic patients. We conducted a prospective study involving 49 patients with allergic asthma. One hundred and forty-five clinical samples and 289 environmental samples were performed. Only 30 patients accepted to participate to the environmental study at their home. For specific IgE antibodies, ELISA assay was conducted for 21 patients. Molecular ITS sequencing was performed for 37 isolates. The frequency of attacks was significantly associated with the seasonality, which was closely related to climate (P=0.024), exposure to animals (cats, P=0.025), plants (olive, P=0.018), physical effort (P=0.04) and the number of permanent occupants in house (>6) (P=0.026). Fungal contaminants were detected from 78.6% of biological samples and 97.8% of environmental samples. Antibodies corresponding to the studied allergens were detected in 10 patients (10/21). PCR sequencing allowed as rectified morphological identification for 27.02% (10/37) strains of Aspergillus. The allergy in molds is an indisputable reality that is necessary to look for in front of any severe asthma. So, it is important to establish clearly a relationship between exposure to fungi and health disorders in order to set up specific and effective preventive measures.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Asthma, Environment, Fungal contamination, ITS sequencing
Vol 28 - N° 1P. 180-185 - mars 2018 Retour au numéro
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