Dislocation rates in posterior total hip arthroplasty (THA) range between 2% and 5%, but long-term course (recurrence of dislocation or revision surgery) is not known, most series having short follow-up or small populations. We therefore conducted a retrospective study on a large series, to determine long-term rates of recurrence and surgical revision and recurrence risk factors.
Long-term follow-up of a large cohort of THA dislocations enables recurrence rate and factors to be determined.
Material and method
Five hundred and nine cases of THA dislocation were admitted to our center between 1994 and 2008. A hundred and twenty seven incomplete files and 150 patients who had received their THA elsewhere were excluded, leaving 232 patients: 150 female, 82 male. Mean age at THA (163 primary, 69 revision) was 63 years (range, 15–90 years), and 65 years (range 20–90 years) at first dislocation, with a mean interval to dislocation of 25 months. Minimum follow-up was 8 years up to 2016, or 1 year taking account of deaths (111 deaths). There were 46 anterior, 185 posterior and 1 multidirectional dislocations. The following potential recurrence factors were assessed: gander, age, body-mass index (BMI), etiology, surgical history, bearing diameter and type, component fixation means, dislocation direction, and time to dislocation.
A hundred and thirty three of the 232 patients (57%) showed at least 1 recurrence, at a mean 38 months (range, 0.5-252 months); 78 experienced a second and 32 a third recurrence. Ninety-nine (43%) had only 1 dislocation, without recurrence, but 17 of these (17%) underwent reoperation for other causes. The reoperation rate was 17/232 (7%) excluding recurrent instability, and 84/232 (36%) for instability. Fourty-eight months after the first dislocation, 84/133 cases of recurrence (63%) had been reoperated on: 16 complete replacements, 18 bearing replacements, 42 dual mobility cups, one large diameter cup, seven Lefèvre retentive cups. The rate of revision surgery for instability was high, at 84/232 (36%), and higher again in relation to recurrence (84/133: 63%). Only posterior dislocation emerged as a factor for recurrence (HR=1.774, 95% CI [1.020–3.083]), the other tested factors showing no correlation.14 of the 84 revision surgeries for instability (16.6%) were followed by recurrence, without identifiable risk factors.
The recurrence rate was 57%, with posterior dislocation as the only risk factor. The rate of revision surgery for recurrence was 84/232 (36%), with 14/84 revision procedures (16.6%) followed by further recurrence.
Level of evidence
IV, retrospective, without control group.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Total hip arthroplasty, Dislocation, Instability, Reoperation, Survival