Intra-operative estimation of stem anteversion in total hip arthroplasty (THA) using postero-lateral approach is made by the surgeon's visual assessment, using the tibia as a guide, with the assumption that tibial axis is vertical to the trans-epicondylar axis. However, the accuracy of the intra-operative estimation has rarely been verified with postoperative CT-scans, with controversies regarding these measurements particularly in case of knee osteoarthritis. Therefore we performed a prospective study to: (1) determine the accuracy of the intra-operative measurement and (2) investigate factors affecting the discrepancy between the surgeon's estimation and the real stem anteversion.
Intra-operative estimation of stem anteversion correlated with the real stem anteversion on CT-scan.
Patients and methods
Sixty-seven THAs using cementless straight stems (65 patients) without ipsilateral total knee arthroplasty were prospectively evaluated to compare the intra-operative measurement of stem anteversion with the real stem anteversion on computed tomography (CT) scans. There were 33 men and 34 women with a mean age of 59.7years (range, 27–84years) at the time of surgery. Age, tibia plateau angle, native femoral anteversion, femoro-tibial angle, body mass index, operative site, gender, coronal and sagittal tilt of the stem, stem type, ipsilateral knee osteoarthritis, and preoperative diagnosis were analyzed to evaluate the factors affecting the discrepancy between the intra-operative and CT measurements.
The intra-operative estimation (mean, 21.5°±8.5°; range, 5.0°–39.0°) was greater than the CT measurement (mean, 19.5°±8.7°; range, 4.5°–38.5°) by 2.0°. The mean absolute value of discrepancy was 4.5°. The correlation coefficient between intra-operative and CT measurements was 0.837. The femoro-tibial angle was associated with the discrepancy between the two measurements. In the presence of genu varum deformity, the intra-operative measurement underestimated the stem anteversion.
Although intra-operative estimation of stem anteversion was slightly greater than the real stem anteversion, there was an excellent correlation between the two. The femoro-tibial angle should be considered to optimize the stem anteversion during cementless THA using postero-lateral approach.
Level of evidence
Level III, prospective case control study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Intra-operative estimation, Anteversion, Femoro-tibial angle, Cementless stem, Total hip arthroplasty, Postero-lateral approach