Cerclage wire is an effective fracture fixation method. However, its mechanical benefits are countered by local ischemia. Its efficacy for treating femoral periprosthetic fractures has been demonstrated since femoral fixation is possible even there is a stem in the diaphysis. It securely holds the proximal femur typically with an additional plate. The development of minimally-invasive surgery with plate fixation has led to the cerclage wire being inserted percutaneously. Here, we report on a case of secondary femoral ischemia following percutaneous cerclage wire of a periprosthetic femoral fracture. This was a Vancouver type B1 fracture. On the 3rd day after admission, minimally-invasive fixation with a femoral locking plate was performed with five cerclage wires added percutaneously. During the immediate postoperative course, the patient developed ischemia of the operated leg that required vascular surgery after confirmation by CT angiography. An arterial stop was visible with deviation of the superior femoral artery, which was not properly surrounded by the cerclage wire. The latter pulled perivascular tissues towards the femur. When combined with reduced arterial elasticity due to severe atherosclerosis, it resulted in arterial plication. The postoperative course was marked by multiple organ failure and death of the patient. Percutaneous surgery is an attractive option but has risks. The presence of severe atherosclerosis is a warning sign for loss of tissue elasticity. This complication can be prevented by preparing the bone surfaces and carefully positioning the patient on the traction table to avoid forced adduction. The surgeon must also be familiar with alternative techniques to cerclage wire such as polyaxial screws and additional plates.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Peri-prosthetic, Fracture, Complication, Percutaneous, Cerclage wire