Among the various options for internal fixation of acetabular fractures, the enlarged iliofemoral approach is less often used, being more invasive, although providing greater exposure enabling control of all components in complex fractures. Even so, the impact of its invasiveness has not been confirmed, and long-term results are not known. We therefore performed a retrospective study, aiming: to assess long-term functional outcome, and; to assess associated morbidity.
The enlarged iliofemoral approach allows precise reduction, with favorable long-term outcome.
Material and methods
Between 1992 and 1997, 15 patients were operated on for complex acetabular fracture by a single surgeon using an enlarged iliofemoral approach. Two patients were excluded due to lack of follow-up data, leaving 13 patients for analysis: 3 simple transverse fractures, 4 transverse+posterior wall fractures, 4 anterior column+posterior hemi-transverse fractures, one T-shaped fracture and one 2-column fracture. There were 4 cases of posterior dislocation of the hip, and 8 of intrapelvic protrusion. Surgical morbidity was assessed in terms of operative time, number of packed red blood cell transfusions, iatrogenic lesions or postoperative complications, rehabilitation time, and hospital stay. Functional assessment at follow-up used the WOMAC index and Harris score; radiologic assessment used the Kellgren–Lawrence score for osteoarthritis and Brooker score for ossification.
Reduction was in all cases anatomic. There were no intra- or post-operative complications. Median number of packed red blood cell transfusions was 5 [range, 3–10]. Median operative time was 4hours [3–6]. Median hospital stay was 6 weeks [6–8], to allow systematic traction with early postoperative mobilization. Weight–bearing was resumed at a median 8 weeks [8–12]. At a median 22 years’ follow-up [20–24], median Harris score was 83.5 [63–92] and median WOMAC index 24.5 [1–52]. All patients showed Brooker 1 or 2 ectopic ossification and moderate osteoarthritis. Two underwent subsequent arthroplasty (at 1 and 11 years after the index procedure).
The enlarged iliofemoral approach allowed anatomic reduction of acetabular fracture. It provided very good long-term results, without excessive morbidity.
Level of evidence
IV, retrospective non-controlled study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Acetabulum, Fracture, Iliofemoral, Surgery, Treatment