Peroneal tendinopathy is an under-diagnosed pathology, mainly triggered by ankle sprain. Failure of medical treatment often leads to surgery, with modalities adapted to the lesion type. The present study aimed to assess clinical and functional results of tendon repair and to analyze the influence of hindfoot alignment on quality of outcome. The study hypothesis was that hindfoot varus impairs medium-term results.
Materials and methods
A retrospective series of 30 patients undergoing peroneal tendon repair or tenodesis was analyzed at a mean 20 months’ follow-up. All patients had preoperative ultrasound scan or NMRI. Clinical assessment was based on AOFAS and FAAM scores. Hindfoot alignment was assessed on Méary view; 2 groups were distinguished: valgus (n=11) and varus (n=17).
Mean AOFAS score improved, from 74.5±11.2 preoperatively to 86.7±9.4 at follow-up. There was a significant intergroup difference (p=0.0003) in AOFAS at follow-up: valgus, 93/100; varus, 82/100. There was no significant intergroup difference in FAAM score. Time to surgery, lesion type and surgical technique did not influence clinical results.
Clinical results for surgical repair of peroneal tendons were satisfactory and in line with literature reports. However, hindfoot varus was associated with poorer results, raising the possibility of correction by opening wedge calcaneal osteotomy.
Level of evidence
IV, retrospective case series.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Peroneal, Tendons, Tubularization, Repair, Varus