Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is the most frequent opportunistic fungal infection in head and neck cancer patients. This study was done to identify the Candida species, which cause OPC, and to evaluate their antifungal susceptibility pattern and pathogenic characteristics in Iranian head and neck cancer patients treated by radiotherapy.
Material and methods
The oral clinical samples were determined by culturing on CHROMagar, carbohydrate assimilation and ITS sequencing methods. Biofilm formation, phospholipase and proteinase activity and antifungal susceptibility were examined too.
Among 54 patients with confirmed OPC, 39 (72.22%) patients were male and 15 (27.77%) were female. The most frequently Candida species from a total of 60 isolates was C. albicans (53.3%), followed by C. tropicalis (21.66%), C. glabrata (15%), C. kefyr (5%) and C. dubliniensis (1.66%). All the isolates were high-producers of biofilm. All of Candida isolates were proteinase positive and 47 isolates (81.04%) represented phospholipase activity. The maximum and minimum rates of antifungal resistance belonged to ketoconazole (93.75% of C. albicans and 89.28% of Candida non-albicans) and fluconazole (62.50% and 42.85% of C. albicans and Candida non-albicans), respectively. The most effective antifungal against all candida isolates was fluconazole.
Our data can estimate abundance of OPC in male and female head and neck cancer patients and is helpful to use effective strategies for antifungal treatment, prophylaxis, and preventive therapies in these patients.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Oropharyngeal candidiasis, Head and neck cancer, Candida, Antifungal susceptibility, Biofilm
Vol 28 - N° 2P. 361-366 - juin 2018 Retour au numéro
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