People suffering from autism spectrum disorders (ASD) provide atypical responses to sensorial stimulations, indicating specific sensory processing. These responses vary from one another and within the same individual with ASD, resulting in maladaptive functional capacities in everyday life. Factors explaining those specificities are poorly defined and need to be better identified.
To examine the relationship between sensory modulation symptoms (SMSs) and maladaptive behaviors in a group of children with ASD. To study how the sensory processing patterns in ASD are related to chronological age, intensity of autistic symptoms, and associated intellectual disability.
A transversal observational study of a group of children with ASD was conducted for 1 year in an Autism Resource Centre in Marseille, France. The SMSs were assessed using the Dunn short sensory profile. The adaptive behaviors and social quotient were assessed using the Vineland adaptive behavior scale.
Forty-five children with ASD completed both scales. Significant correlations were found between SMS intensity and the children's adaptive behaviors. Furthermore, chronological age and intellectual disability showed a significant relationship with SMS intensity; chronological age and intellectual disability were also found to be significantly related. However, the severity of autistic symptoms was not associated with the intensity of SMSs.
These outcomes give a better understanding of sensory processing in ASD. The analysis of sensory processing is valuable during the diagnostic phase and for the development of individualized/custom-tailored interventions.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Sensory modulation disorders, Autism spectrum disorders, Adaptive skills
Vol 25 - N° 5P. 315-321 - juillet 2018 Retour au numéro
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