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Tiliamosine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid was isolated from Tiliacora racemose.
On HepG2 cells, tiliamosine did not exhibit any toxicity up to 100 μM.
In steatotic HepG2 cells, tiliamosine reduced lipid levels and lipotoxicity.
Treatment reduced plasma lipid and transaminase levels in HFD-DEN induced animals.
Tiliamosine treated animals showed normal liver echogenicity and histology.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is one of the aggressive forms of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and is a potential risk factor of HCC. This study reports the curative effect of tiliamosine on NASH. Tiliamosine was isolated from Tiliacora racemosa Colebr. (Menispermaceae) and its structure was confirmed by studying the physical and spectroscopic data. The effects of tiliamsoine on lipid accumulation and lipotoxicity were evaluated using palmitate-oleate induced steatosis in HepG2 cells. The in vivo efficacy of tiliamosine was evaluated using HFD fed, DEN induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis Wistar rats. In HepG2 cells, tiliamosine did not affect the cell viability up to 100 μM concentration and showed GI25 value of 264.28 μM. The treatment with tiliamsoine significantly lowered the ORO concentration by 44.17% and triglyceride accumulation by 69.32% at 50 μM concentration (P < 0.005). It also reduced the leakage of LDH and transaminases in PO-BSA induced HepG2 cells. The treatment with tiliamsoine significantly decreased the plasma levels of transaminases, phosphatase and LDH (P < 0.05) in HFD-DEN induced steatohepatitis. The histology and the immunohistochemistry of the hepatic sections were in accordance with the biochemical findings. Preliminary molecular analysis indicated that the hepatic FXR expression was upregulated and TNFα expression was downregulated by the treatment with tiliamsoine. This study provided preliminary evidence on the use of tiliamosine for the treatment of NASH.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviations : BSA, CMC, BBI, DMSO-d6, GI, HFD, MDA, lit.mp., BMI, mp, MTT, NaCl, NAFLD, NASH, ORO, PBS, POBSA, DEN, Tc, Tg
Keywords : Bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, HepG2 cells, NASH, NAFLD, High fat diet, Diethylnitrosamine
Vol 108 - N° CP. 963-973 - décembre 2018 Retour au numéro
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