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The main targets of this paper are to examine the Middle Eocene ostracod assemblages collected from a succession exposed in the Cairo–Suez district, Egypt and to detect their paleobiogeographical implications. The studied succession is subdivided into two rock units: the Observatory and Qurn formations, in ascending order. The analysis of the ostracod assemblages led to the identification of 18 species, none of which is new. Three local biozones are established, Digmocythere ismaili - Xestoleberis kenawyi Assemblage Zone, Grinioneis moosi - Loxoconcha pseudopunctatella Assemblage Zone and Cativella qurnenis - Soudanella triangulata Assemblage Zone. The multivariate analyses indicate that there are three distinct bioprovinces, one of them represents the North Africa bioprovince, including Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia. The second bioprovince represents the Middle East, including Jordan and Israel. The third represents the West Africa bioprovince, including Senegal, Togo, Ivory Coast and Nigeria. Therefore, this deduction supports a migration of Eocene ostracods along the southern Tethys.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Ostracods, Middle Eocene, Biostratigraphy, Paleobiogeography, Egypt