Although the once-daily regimen of aminoglycosides (AG) is considered as predominantly used by many centers, the level of evidence of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) of AG in cases of once-daily has not been clearly defined. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of TDM in achievement or maintaining target serum concentrations in patients receiving once-daily administration of AG.
We performed a retrospective analysis of data from patients having received a once daily amikacin or gentamicin and underwent routine TDM. A longitudinal follow up was performed. Data were analyzed according to the adhesion or not to recommendations. A logistic regression was performed in order to evaluate the effect of covariates (age, gender, weight, creatinine clearance [CLcr], TDM-based dose adjustment, weighted dose of AG) on the achievement of non-toxic Cmin.
A total 437 blood samples issued from 324 patients were analyzed. The cut-off value of Clcr associated with a risk of toxic Cmin was≤41.66mL/min (OR: 11.29; 95%CI: 7.21–17.61; P<0.0001). Eighty-eight patients (27.1%) have at least two sampling points. The univariate analysis showed that the age, weight, CLcr and TDM-based dose adjustment were found to be significant factors in the achievement of non-toxic Cmin. In multivariate analysis, only TDM-based dose adjustment remains a significant factor in the achievement of non-toxic Cmin (OR: 6.66; 95%CI: 2.26–19.63; P=0.0006).
Our study demonstrates the usefulness of TDM-based dosing adjustment of AG antibiotics in achieving nontoxic trough concentrations, particularly in critically ill patients, as they are prone to a renal impairment.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Amikacin, Aminoglycosides, Gentamicin, Once daily regimen, Renal impairment, Therapeutic drug monitoring