Onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection caused by dermatophytes, nondermatophytes, and yeast, and is the most common nail disorder seen in clinical practice. It is an important problem because it may cause local pain, paresthesias, difficulties performing activities of daily life, and impair social interactions. In this continuing medical education series we review the epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical presentation of onychomycosis and demonstrate current and emerging diagnostic strategies.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : biofilm, confocal microscopy, dermatophyte, dermoscopy, direct microscopy, fungal culture, fungal nail infection, histopathology, nondermatophyte, onychomycosis, optical coherence tomography, polymerase chain reaction, tinea pedis, Trichophyton rubrum, yeast
Abbreviations used : ELISA, EO, GMS, KOH, MPO, NDM, PAS, PCR, PSO, SO, TDO
| Funding sources: None.
| Dr Scher has received honoraria from MOE Medical Devices, Epihealth, Medicxi, and Valeant. Dr Lipner has received grants for clinical trials from MOE Medical Devices.
| Date of release: April 2019
| Expiration date: April 2022
| Reprints not available from the authors.