Cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2A gene (CDKN2A) germline mutations have recently been associated with poor survival in patients with melanoma. Despite the high mutation rate in our cohort (up to 10% in patients with apparently sporadic melanoma), information on the impact of CDKN2A on survival in this cohort is lacking.
To investigate whether poor survival associated with CDKN2A germline mutations was confirmed in a high mutation–prevalence cohort of Italian patients with melanoma undergoing a mutation-based follow-up.
A total of 1239 patients with cutaneous melanoma were tested for CDKN2A mutational status and then assigned to a follow-up scheme according not only to family history but also to CDKN2A mutational status, as follow-up intervals were more frequent for CDKN2A germline mutation–positive (MUT+) patients. From this cohort, we selected 106 MUT+ patients (with familial melanoma or apparently sporadic melanoma) and 199 CDKN2A germline mutation–negative (MUT–) patients with sporadic melanoma who were matched by age and sex and had a similar tumor stage distribution.
We found no difference in overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-1.52; P = .592,) or melanoma-specific survival (hazard ratio, 0.86; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-1.95; P = .718,) between MUT+ and MUT– patients. MUT+ patients were more likely to develop multiple melanomas and to undergo surgical excision of dysplastic nevi than were MUT– patients.
CDKN2A mutations were not associated with survival in our cohort.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : cancer genetics, CDKN2A, follow-up, genetic testing, germline mutation, melanoma, predisposition, surveillance, survival, susceptibility
Abbreviations used : CI, HR, MPM, MSS, MUT–, MUT+, OR, OS
| Funding sources: Supported by the Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro (grant IG 15460), the Italian Ministry of Health 5 × 1000 per la Ricerca Corrente to IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, and Italian Ministry of Health RF-2016-02362288.
| Conflicts of interest: None disclosed.