The clinical significance of antinuclear antibody (ANA) status in adults with dermatomyositis (DM) has yet to be fully defined.
We compared the incidence of amyopathic disease, risk of malignancy, and clinical findings in ANA+ and ANA− patients with adult-onset DM.
This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with ANA+ or ANA− adult-onset DM determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Of 231 patients, 140 (61%) were ANA+ and 91 (39%) were ANA–. Compared with the ANA− patients, the ANA+ patients had a lower frequency of dysphagia (15% vs 26% [P = .033]) and heliotrope rash (38% vs 53% [P = .026]). In all, 54 patients (23%) developed malignancy within 3 years of diagnosis of their DM; 11% of the ANA+ patients developed malignancy versus 43% of the ANA− patients (P < .001). There was a strong association between ANA positivity and lower likelihood of malignancy in multivariable analysis (odds ratio, 0.16; P < .001). Conversely, ANA positivity was not associated with amyopathic disease (odds ratio, 0.94; P = .87).
The retrospective nature of the study was a limitation.
In patients with adult-onset DM, ANA negativity is associated with increased likelihood of development of malignancy within 3 years of diagnosis of their DM. Particularly close follow-up and frequent malignancy screening may be warranted in ANA− individuals with DM.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : antinuclear antibody, connective tissue disease, dermatomyositis, inflammatory myopathy, malignancy, paraneoplastic
Abbreviations used : ANA, DM, ELISA, IIF, OR
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| Conflicts of interest: None disclosed