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Frequency, characteristics and nature of risk factors associated with use of QT interval prolonging medications and related drug-drug interactions in a cohort of psychiatry patients - 02/05/19

Doi : 10.1016/j.therap.2019.03.008 
Biswadeep Das a, , Vikram Singh Rawat b, Saravana Kumar Ramasubbu a, Barun Kumar c
a Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh 249 203, Uttarakhand, India 
b Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh 249 203, Uttarakhand, India 
c Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh 249 203, Uttarakhand, India 

Corresponding author.
Sous presse. Épreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le jeudi 02 mai 2019

Summary

Quite a number of antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs are known to cause significant QT-prolongation. Psychiatric patients constitute a population at notable risk of drug-induced QT-prolongation. The aims were to explore frequency of use of QTc-interval prolonging agents and QT-prolonging drug-drug interactions, and prevalence of risk factors for QTc-interval prolongation in patients reporting to psychiatry out-patient department (OPD) in a tertiary care hospital in India. This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in the psychiatry OPD at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018 using the relevant prescriptions (i.e., the OPD case record forms and treatment sheets). For each patient, the entire medication list was analyzed for the possibility of interactions, with particular attention on the high-risk QT prolonging ones. Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (AZCERT) QT drug lists were used to classify TdP risks of psychotropic and other medications. One thousand three hundred twenty-six (1326) patients attending the psychiatry OPD during the study period were scrutinized. Seven hundred fifty-one 751 patients (56.6%) were males whereas 575 (43.4%) were females in our study. Of the 1326 patients, 636 patients (47.9%) were identified as receiving interacting medications with the ability to induce torsades de pointe (TdP). Nine hundred seventeen (917) interacting medication pairs with torsadogenic risk were encountered. The most frequently interacting medications were from antipsychotic (794), antidepressant (519), antimicrobial (84), proton pump inhibitor (80), anticonvulsant (66), and anti-nausea (25) therapeutic categories. As per AZCERT classification (CredibleMeds TdP risk-stratification lists), 597 (36.8%), 443 (27.3%) and 432 (26.7%) of the interacting medications were associated with known, possible, and conditional risk of TdP, respectively. Concurrent prescriptions of QT-prolonging drugs is frequent in psychiatry OPD setting. Appropriate precautions should be instituted to obviate undesirable outcomes arising out of these interactions. This highlights the pressing need for clear protocols & strategies for implementation to motivate careproviders with clarity in the context of drug use guidelines for rational and safe prescribing in psychiatry.

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Keywords : Drug-induced QT prolongation, Torsade de pointes, Psychotropic drugs, Drug interactions, Psychiatry OPD, India


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© 2019  Société française de pharmacologie et de thérapeutique. Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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