Cervical spondylodiscitis is a rare but severe complication of pharyngeal surgery.
Material and methods
This multicenter retrospective study reported all patients in the database of the French head and neck tumor study group (GETTEC) affected by cervical spondylodiscitis after transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for malignant pharyngeal tumor from January 2010 to January 2017.
To describe cases of post-TORS cervical spondylodiscitis, identify alarm signs, and determine optimal management of these potentially lethal complications.
Seven patients from 6 centers were included. Carcinomas were located in the posterior pharyngeal wall. Tumor stage was T1 or T2. All patients had risk factors for spondylodiscitis. Mean time to diagnosis was 12.6days. The interval between surgery and spondylodiscitis diagnosis ranged from 20days to 4.5months, for a mean 2.1months. The most common symptom was neck pain (87%). Infections were polymicrobial; micro-organisms were isolated in 5 cases and managed by intravenous antibiotics, associated to medullary decompression surgery in 3 cases. Follow-up found favorable progression in 4 cases, and 3 deaths (mortality, 43%).
This French multicenter study found elevated mortality in post-TORS spondylodiscitis, even in case of limited resection. Surgeons must be aware of this complication and alerted by persistent neck pain, fever, asthenia, impaired or delayed posterior pharyngeal wall wound healing or elevation of inflammatory markers. MRI is the most effective diagnostic radiological examination.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cervical spondylodiscitis, TORS, Transoral robotic surgery, Pharyngeal tumor, Spondylodiscitis, Robotic surgery
Vol 136 - N° 3P. 179-183 - juin 2019 Retour au numéro
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