Identification of traumatic events in childhood and adolescence are truly relevant to understand how these situations affects to adult's psychopathology.
This study presents a scale to identify both continuous and discrete traumatic events happening in family, school, or between equals, below the age of 18.
An initial questionnaire was designed and then submitted to a process of analysis, which led to a reformulation of the items. The instrument was applied in a sample of 522 psychiatric outpatients from different populations of Galicia.
The results show a high reliability of the instrument, which is divided into three sections. The first part of the test (EARLY-G) is related to traumatic events happening in different contexts. The second part (EARLY-FP) includes indicators of healthy care by the main caretakers, which is structured as a single factor. The third (EARLY-FN), includes adverse relational situations within the family. In this third section 7 factors have been identified: Emotional neglect, Overprotection, Physical abuse, Witnessing problems at home, Role reversal, High demand and Emotional abuse.
The questionnaire seems to be reliable and valid.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Assessment, Early trauma, Trauma scale, Interpersonal trauma, Childhood experiences