The haemoglobin glycation index (HGI) has been proposed as a marker of interindividual differences in haemoglobin glycosylation. Previous studies have shown a relationship between high HGI and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with diabetes. However, no studies have investigated the role of previous CVD in this association.
The study cohort comprised patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM; n=1910) included in the Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease (SMART) study. The relationship between either HGI or HbA1c and a composite of cardiovascular events as the primary outcome, and mortality, cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke as secondary outcomes, was investigated using Cox proportional-hazards models. Similar analyses were performed after stratification according to previous CVD.
A 1-unit higher HGI was associated with a 29% greater risk of a composite of cardiovascular events (HR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.06–1.57) in patients without previous CVD, whereas no such relationship was seen in patients with previous CVD (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.86–1.08). The direction and magnitude of the hazard ratios (HRs) of HGI and HbA1c in relation to outcomes were similar. Additional adjustment for HbA1c in the association between HGI and outcomes lowered the HRs.
Similar to HbA1c, higher HGI is related to higher risk of cardiovascular events in patients with T2DM without CVD. As HbA1c has proved to be a comparable risk factor, and obtaining and interpreting the HGI is complicated, any additional benefit of applying the HGI in clinical settings is likely to be limited.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Glycaemic control, Haemoglobin glycation index, HGI, HbA1c
Vol 45 - N° 3P. 254-260 - juin 2019 Retour au numéro
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