To evaluate the benefits of second-look laparoscopy (SLL) in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
A 5- year retrospective study conducted at Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital and included all patients who had undergone SLL following a PID. Data collection comprised patient and disease characteristics, type of initial medical or surgical treatment, adhesion (AFS) and tubal (MAGE) scores recorded during SLL and outcomes following subsequent pregnancies.
76 patients who had received SLL were included. A higher rate of severe adhesions was recorded during SLL in patients with stage 3 PID, than for women with stage 1 and 2 (63.6% versus 25%, p = 0.01). A higher rate of Mage scores of 4 were also found in patients with stage 3 PID (25.8% versus 0%, p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that women at stage 3 are 17 times more likely to have a high level of adhesions than patients at stage 1 (OR [95% CI] = 17.4 [1.7; 1]). A Mage score of 1was found to be associated with higher pregnancy and live birth rates.
SLL seems presents benefits for the preservation of fertility in cases of severe PID with tubo ovarian abcess and may be proposed to patients with stage 3 salpingitis and desire for pregnancy. Further prospective randomized study should be done to confirm these results.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Pelvic inflammatory disease, Second look laparoscopy, Fertility
Vol 48 - N° 6P. 413-417 - juin 2019 Retour au numéro
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