Pediatric high grade gliomas are rare tumors of the central nervous system. Treatment is multidisciplinary, comprising surgical excision followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy.
describe these tumors’ characteristics as seen in our institution, and identify factors associated with better overall survival.
Patients and methods
We conducted a retrospective study of 30 cases of pediatric high grade glioma treated consecutively in our institution over a 20-year period. Brainstem tumors and patients aged more than 22years were excluded. Univariate analysis was conducted to determine factors associated with better overall survival.
The series comprised 30 pediatric high grade gliomas: 27 glioblastomas and 3 anaplastic astrocytomas. The sex ratio was 1.7. Mean age was 13years. Tumors were mainly located in the cerebral hemispheres (63.3%). Median tumor size was 5cm. Glioblastomas were subdivided into 26 cases of classical subtype (96.3%) and 1 case of epithelioid subtype (3.7%). Surgical strategy consisted in tumor resection in 24 cases (80%). Twenty-one patients (70%) received postoperative radiotherapy. Therapeutic response at end of treatment was complete in 7 cases (23.3%). Postoperative radiation therapy and complete treatment response were significantly associated with improved overall survival in all high grade gliomas and also specifically in glioblastomas (P<0.001 and P=0.005, respectively).
Our results suggest that postoperative radiotherapy and complete treatment response are predictive factors for better overall survival in pediatric high grade glioma.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Pediatric high grade glioma, Glioblastoma, Surgical resection, Radiation therapy, Treatment response, Overall survival
Vol 65 - N° 2-3P. 63-68 - avril 2019 Retour au numéro
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