Erythrocytes undergo programmed cell death, similar to apoptosis, known as eryptosis. This process is a result of several factors including hyperosmolarity, oxidative stress, and exposure to xenobiotics, and is characterized by the breakdown of membrane phospholipid asymmetry, the clustering of band 3, and the generation of red blood cell-derived microparticles. Under pathological conditions, the liver is the primary site of erythrocyte clearance and plays an important role in iron recycling. Phosphatidylserine exposure and band-3 clustering on eryptotic erythrocytes represent mainly pro-phagocytic signals. Further, the percentage of eryptotic erythrocytes is enhanced in the circulating blood of patients with hepatic failure, hyperbilirubinemia, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. In this review, we concentrate on recent progress regarding the pathophysiological roles of eryptosis in liver diseases.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Eryptosis, Macrophages, Liver disease, Microparticles
Abbreviations : RMPs, HSECs, PS, HRG1, FPN, FLVCR1, TNF-α, TNF-β, IL-6, IL-1β