Médecine

Paramédical

Autres domaines


S'abonner

Predictability and Feasibility of Total Alloplastic Temporomandibular Joint Reconstruction using DARSN TM Joint Prosthesis for patients in Indian subcontinent–A prospective clinical study - 12/07/19

Doi : 10.1016/j.jormas.2019.06.005 
D. Bhargava a, , R.S. Neelakandan b, Y. Sharma c, V. Dalsingh d, S. Beena a, P. Gurjar a
a Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, People's College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, People's University, 462037 Bhanpur, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India 
b MAHER, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India 
c Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, People's Dental Academy, People's University, 462037 Bhanpur, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India 
d Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India 

Corresponding author. Private Practise, H-3/2, BDA Colony, Nayapura, Lal Ghati, Airport Road, Bhopal, 462001, Madhya Pradesh, IndiaPrivate Practise, H-3/2, BDA Colony, Nayapura, Lal GhatiAirport Road, BhopalMadhya Pradesh462001India
Sous presse. Épreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le vendredi 12 juillet 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a custom made alloplastic Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) device design in patients undergoing temporomandibular (TM) Total Joint Reconstruction (TJR).

Objective

TMJ disease with functional and anatomic distortion dictates the need for TJR. There are various materials to reconstruct a TMJ. However, various factors, such as cost, availability of prosthetic joint, limit its use to tertiary health care center. Hence, we have investigated the feasibility and efficacy of the custom made alloplastic TMJ prosthesis (DARSN TM Joint Prosthesis) with the advantage of being acceptable financially and the overall Quality of life (QoL) diagnosed with TMJ ankylosis and End Stage Joint Disease (ESJD) selected from the study population.

Materials and methods

The study group comprised of 20 patients with TMJ ankylosis or End Stage Joint Disease (ESJD) who needed TM TJR of which few subjects in the study population had history of failed previous surgery to the TMJ region. The patients underwent resection of the joint followed by TJR using the custom made alloplastic TMJ prosthesis. Various subjective and objective variables were evaluated such as the Jaw Function (JF), Inter-incisal opening (IO), Diet intake (DI), Quality of Life (QoL) using a Psychometric Modified Likert Scale and nutritional status of the patient using the Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) as reference.

Results

All the subjective and objective variables showed significant improvement in the postoperative period as compared to the preoperative period. The JF score increased with a mean score of 6.25 (P<0.00001). Postoperative mean DI score was 3.15 (P<0.00001) and IO increased up to 29–38mm in 95% of the study population. The study population exhibited an improved overall QoL and nutritional status post-operatively. Follow up period of 1 year showed significant functional improvement among the study population.

Conclusion

The results shows that the custom made alloplastic joint replacement is safe and effective and reliable alternative to treat patients with TMJ disease which restricts the normal function to a greater degree requiring TM TJR.

Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.

Keywords : Temporomandibular joint disorder, Ankylosis, Arthroplasty, Prosthesis and Implants, Quality of life, Joint replacement


Plan


© 2019  Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
Ajouter à ma bibliothèque Retirer de ma bibliothèque Imprimer
Export

    Export citations

  • Fichier

  • Contenu

Bienvenue sur EM-consulte, la référence des professionnels de santé.
L’accès au texte intégral de cet article nécessite un abonnement ou un achat à l’unité.

Déjà abonné à cette revue ?

;

Mon compte


Plateformes Elsevier Masson

Déclaration CNIL

EM-CONSULTE.COM est déclaré à la CNIL, déclaration n° 1286925.

En application de la loi nº78-17 du 6 janvier 1978 relative à l'informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés, vous disposez des droits d'opposition (art.26 de la loi), d'accès (art.34 à 38 de la loi), et de rectification (art.36 de la loi) des données vous concernant. Ainsi, vous pouvez exiger que soient rectifiées, complétées, clarifiées, mises à jour ou effacées les informations vous concernant qui sont inexactes, incomplètes, équivoques, périmées ou dont la collecte ou l'utilisation ou la conservation est interdite.
Les informations personnelles concernant les visiteurs de notre site, y compris leur identité, sont confidentielles.
Le responsable du site s'engage sur l'honneur à respecter les conditions légales de confidentialité applicables en France et à ne pas divulguer ces informations à des tiers.