Lumbar paragangliomas are rare, vascular, neuroendocrine tumors. They are notoriously difficult to diagnose radiologically and can prove challenging to manage intraoperatively, if capable of catecholamine secretion.
We report the case of a 45-year-old man, who presented with a lumbar spinal paraganglioma. The patient described a 2-year history of worsening lower back pain and sciatica. Neurological examination was normal. MRI revealed a lesion at L3, with prominent vessels, compressing the cauda equina. Gross total resection (GTR) of the tumor was performed. The patient recovered well, with relief of pain and no neurological deficit.
A literature search of lumbar paraganglioma cases, from January 1970 to April 2018 was carried out. Results of this review highlighted the importance of inclusion of paraganglioma as a differential diagnosis in lumbar spinal tumor and also the requirement for preoperative investigations to determine any potential secretory activity.
Lumbar paraganglioma behavior is most commonly benign and rates of recurrence are low after GTR. However, long-term postoperative follow-up is crucial, due to findings of late metastatic recurrence.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Paraganglioma, Spinal cord compression, Spinal tumor