Group B Streptococcus is the most frequent cause of neonatal sepsis. However, recurrences are rare. We report a case of recurrent meningitis due to Streptococcus B in a 2-month-old infant. Streptococcus B identified was hypervirulent clone ST-17 serotype III, which is known for its neurotropism. We found five other cases of recurrent group B streptococcal meningitis in the literature, which we report here. Many reports have identified breastfeeding and persistent colonization as the mode of transmission in recurrent Streptococcus B infections. We also discuss different ways to prevent recurrent group B streptococcal infections. Oral antibiotic therapy against carriage does not seem to be effective and there is no consensus on management of breastfeeding.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Group B Streptococcus, Meningitis, Recurrent infection